Joint Programming Initiatives (JPI) are measures which are established and funded by EU Member States. They place a thematic focus on the global scientific and societal challenges of the coming decades. When launching the initiative in 2008, a total of ten JPIs were established.
The Joint Programming Initiative on Antimicrobial Resistance (JPIAMR) was established in 2011. The goal of the initiative is to promote coordinated action of EU Member States and to help harmonizing national research funding on antimicrobial or antibiotic resistance in order to support efforts aimed at overcoming this global challenge. Increasing antibiotic resistance is threatening growth and development in both industrialized and developing countries and is endangering health care and routine operations. What is urgently needed is the appropriate use of antibiotics in human and animal medicine as well as in agriculture as well as infection prevention and the development of new therapeutic approaches. Joint, transnational funding initiatives will be used to close gaps between scientists and other players (e.g. industry, health systems, government). The aim of these collaborations is, among other aims, to generate and apply new research results. 26 Member States and associated countries are currently participating in the initiative: Argentina, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Funding is provided for transnational consortia where working groups from at least three countries are involved. The countries participating in the call fund their own working groups within a consortium. The individual consortia carry out research on specific thematic issues. Consortia only receive funding if they can demonstrate a clear added value from the international cooperation. Each consortium brings together the relevant expertise of scientists from different disciplines and institutions.